Christianity emerged in the century after the death of Herod the Great.
Christians use new testament scriptures along with doctrines like monotheism, the belief in the Messiah and the use of the Psalms in community prayer. Christianity removed many fundamental Jewish practices, among them the Jewish covenant on male circumcision, the keeping of the Sabbath and most of the law and traditions of the Oral Torah.
One of the most significant early Christian teachers was Paul of Tarsus, a converted Christian and Roman citizen. He among others practiced Judeo-Christian beliefs.